The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) form a blueprint for reducing extreme global poverty. The goals, agreed to by all the world's countries and leading development institutions, are set to be achieved by 2015. They have galvanized unprecedented efforts to meet the needs of the world's poorest.
The eight goals include:
While all of the MDGs are crucial, as a child-focused organization, World Vision takes special interest in the pursuit of meeting goals 1, 4, 5, and 6.
There are just a few left to achieve these ambitious goals.
A number of countries have made progress toward achieving certain goals. For instance:
While these and other achievements are certainly significant and well worth celebrating, there are many reasons to be concerned about progress towards 2015.
Most regions are off track in all the goals relating to health. Globally, 7.6 million children are still dying every year from mostly preventable diseases. In developing regions, maternal mortality has declined only marginally from 1990 levels.
Based on current trends, a number of key human development goals, particularly child and maternal health goals, are unlikely to be met on a global level.
Achieving the MDGs has been made more difficult by recent global crises. Food and fuel price hikes between 2005 and 2008, and the subsequent global financial crisis caused a lot of hardship in households already struggling to survive. For many people around the world, incomes dropped or disappeared and the cost of living increased.
With so much at stake, it's vital that countries act swiftly to recommit to these goals, and halt any threats to the achievements to date.