A new report notes a downward trend in the percentage of people who are undernourished, worldwide; however, developing nations account for 98 percent of the chronically undernourished people.
A new report highlights the progress made in reducing the number of undernourished people in the world.
According to the The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014 (.pdf), published by the U.N.’s Food and Agriculture Organization, International Fund for Agricultural Development, and the World Food Program, the number of undernourished people in the world is 805 million, or one in nine.
This continues a downward trend worldwide from 18.7 percent in 1990 to 1992, to 11.3 percent in 2012 to 2014; and in developing nations, a drop from 23.4 percent to 13.5 in the same period.
Unfortunately, it is not all good news. Developing nations account for 791 million or 98 percent of chronically undernourished people.
The five regions with the highest number of hungry people as a proportion of population include:
The report notes, “The greatest food security challenges overall remain in sub-Saharan Africa,” where every day more than one in four people lack adequate food. Yet, Asia has the highest number of hungry individuals (525.6 million).
In July 2014, African heads of state committed to ending hunger in the region by 2025. Integrated steps they discussed include:
A foundational aspect of World Vision’s work fights hunger, especially for children, by promoting food security and livelihood stability in local communities. Much of this work is funded by faithful donors who sponsor children, and some of it is supported by government and private grants.
During disasters and other food crises, World Vision provides immediate food aid to help people get through the worst days and save the lives of children and other vulnerable groups. When the situation improves, we continue to help communities recover and build their capacity to provide food for themselves and their families.
Since many people in developing countries are subsistence farmers, our programs help growers with agricultural inputs, such as durable and drought-resistant seeds, crop diversity and rotation techniques, livestock farming, and water retention and irrigation. These measures help families to make the best climate-smart improvements for their long-term food security, while minimizing soil erosion, water loss, and other harmful results.
And we help local farm groups organize themselves for marketing and crop storage purposes to take advantage of pricing and discounts, while eliminating middlemen and product loss.
In addition, our staff teaches mothers and fathers about proper nutrition with locally available foods and new preparation techniques, so children are better nourished. Loans and business training also help participants capitalize on their business ideas — such as owning a small store or making furniture — to stabilize their livelihoods.