Angola

Angola stretches almost 1,000 miles along the Atlantic coast of Southern Africa. This country shares its borders with the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, and Namibia. The Democratic Republic of Congo separates Angola’s oil-rich province of Cabinda from the mainland by about 30 miles.

  • Population: 20,820,500
  • Life Expectancy: 52 years
  • Access to Safe Water: 53%
  • School Enrollment: 86%
  • Land Mass: 481,353 sq. mi.
  • Literacy Rate: 70%
  • Under Age 5 Mortality Rate: 164/1000
  • Average Annual Income (GNI): 4,580

Facts about Angola

Economic Development

Angola’s economy is still recovering from almost three decades of civil war; about 43 percent of people live below the poverty line.

Clean Water

Just over half of Angolans have access to safe water sources and adequate sanitation facilities.

Health

Angola has the highest infant mortality rate in the world with 180 deaths out of 1,000 births and one of the world’s lowest life expectancies — just 52 years.

Health

HIV and AIDS is a growing health concern in Angola. With an adult prevalence rate of at least 2 percent, over 250,000 people are living with this virus.

Angola flag

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World Vision in Angola Today

World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of Angola to improve their lives today and to help enact sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families, and communities. Highlights of World Vision programs include:

  • Improving the health of children and mothers in rural communities through healthcare, nutrition education, and HIV and AIDS awareness.
  • Helping fish farmers increase their harvests and food security through training, establishing cooperatives, and offering microfinance opportunities.

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World Vision History in Angola

World Vision began its work in Angola in 1989 when a severe drought threatened the lives of thousands of children and families. Since then, some major accomplishments include:

  • Providing thousands of tons of food — along with seeds, tools, and training — to families struggling with hunger during the 1990s.
  • Offering families agricultural improvement training and increasing access to clean water since the 1990s.
  • Raising HIV and AIDS awareness among communities since the 1990s and into the 21st century.

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Geography & People

Geography and people

Angola stretches almost 1,000 miles along the Atlantic coast of Southern Africa. This country shares its borders with the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, and Namibia. The Democratic Republic of Congo separates Angola’s oil-rich province of Cabinda from the mainland by about 30 miles.

Angola experiences a tropical climate along its coastal mountains, with milder temperatures in its inland plateaus. In the north, the hot and rainy season runs from May to October while the cool and dry season runs from November to April.

Natural resources include petroleum, diamonds, phosphates, iron ore, copper, gold, and uranium.

Most Angolans are of native African descent, including the Ovimbundu and Kimbundu groups. Portuguese is the official language, but people also speak Bantu and other African languages.

History

In the 16th century, Portugal took control of Angola’s region and began a slave trade. By 1850, Angola was the largest source of slaves for the Americas. Although the slavery system ceased in the late 1800s, it wasn’t officially outlawed in Angola until 1961.

Resistance movements against Portuguese control began in the 1960s. After years of war, Angola gained its independence in 1975. Conflict between three political groups, however, left the government in turmoil and eventually led to civil war. The fighting, which left over 1 million people dead, finally ended in 2002.

Angola held its first legislative elections since 1992 in 2008. A new constitution came into effect in 2010 and provides the basis for a reorganized government today.

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Prayer Requests for Angola

  • Please pray for the people of Angola and for peace and stability in their country.