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North Korea

The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, also known as North Korea, sits in East Asia between Russia, China, and South Korea. The Sea of Japan borders North Korea in the east, with Korea Bay and the Yellow Sea in the west.

  • Population: 24,589,000
  • Life Expectancy: 69 years
  • Access to Safe Water: 100%
  • School Enrollment: -%
  • Land Mass: 46,539 sq. mi.
  • Literacy Rate: 99%
  • Under Age 5 Mortality Rate: 33
  • Average Annual Income (GNI): -

Facts about North Korea

The economy's growth has struggled over the years, largely due to strict economic regulations.

North Korea faces chronic food shortages, leaving Koreans hungry and malnourished. The World Food Program estimates that about 32 percent of children under the age of 5 are stunted from malnutrition.

Human trafficking is a major concern for North Koreans. Women and girls crossing the border into China in an effort to improve their economic situation are particularly vulnerable to trafficking.

North Korea flag

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World Vision in North Korea Today

World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of North Korea to improve their lives today and to help enact sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families, and communities. Highlights of current programs include:

  • Increasing access to clean water in the farming community of Doch-ri by building seven water systems and improving sanitation facilities in the local clinic.
  • Reducing malnutrition by providing school children with daily lunches.

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World Vision History in North Korea

World Vision began assisting North Korea in 1995 at the request of the government for aid and responded to a famine shortly after. Since then, some major accomplishments include:

  • Supplying noodle factories with noodle machines, flour, and cornstarch to provide meals to thousands of hungry people during the late 1990s.
  • Helping agriculture and health systems recover after intense flooding in 1998.
  • Improving vegetable production in communities by building greenhouses in the late 1990s.
  • Providing blankets, clothes, shoes, flour, vegetable oil, and bottled water to people affected by a chemical explosion in 2004.

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Geography & People

Geography and people

The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, also known as North Korea, sits in East Asia between Russia, China, and South Korea. The Sea of Japan borders North Korea in the east, with Korea Bay and the Yellow Sea in the west.

Mountains and valleys dominate the landscape, and few people live in the land’s mountainous interior. The continental climate has cold winters and hot summers, with rain falling mostly during the summer.

Natural resources include coal, lead, zinc, iron ore, copper, gold, salt, and hydropower.

Ethnic Koreans make up most of the population, with a small pocket of Chinese and Japanese. Korean is the official language.

History

During the early 20th century, Korea lost its independence when Japan occupied the country and annexed the peninsula a few years later.

The Korean peninsula was divided after World War II—the Soviet Union controlled the north and the United States managed the south. The separate countries of North and South Korea were officially established in 1948, with Kim Il Sung serving as president in the north.

A surprise invasion of South Korea by northern military forces in June 1950 sparked the Korean War. Three years later, the countries ended the conflict by signing an armistice; however, a formal peace treaty has never been signed and tension continues between the two nations.

Floods in 1995 and 1996 were followed by two years of drought, causing massive crop failures and leading to a famine that killed more than 1.5 million Koreans.

In recent years, North Korea’s nuclear program and its dismantling have been debated internationally.

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Prayer Requests for North Korea

  • Please pray for the people of North Korea and for peace and stability in their country.