Geography and people Bordered by eight countries, Tanzania sits on the eastern coast of Africa. The country’s three islands—Mafia, Zanzibar, and Pemba—lie to the east in the Indian Ocean.
Access to Safe Water
Under Age 5 Mortality Rate
Average Annual Income
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US Comparison to Tanzania
|Tanzania United States|
3,794,083 sq miles
Life Expectancy57 years
Access to Safe Water54%
Average Annual Income$530
World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of Tanzania to improve their lives today and to help enact sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families, and communities. World Vision’s child sponsorship program plays a vital role in this partnership, with donors from the United States sponsoring more than 22,600 girls and boys. In addition to sponsorship, World Vision operates other programs that benefit communities in Tanzania. Highlights include:
- Helping residents improve economic well being by establishing community banks and distributing small loans to beginning entreprenuers.
- Improving physical well-being by providing immunizations, training residents to become Community Based Health Care Service Providers, and establishing community care for residents living with HIV/AIDS.
- Improving chlidren's school experience by renovating primary school structures and educating parents on the importance of boy/girl education.
- Providing care for refugees and asylum seekers by distributing 12,789 metric tons of food to refugee camps.
World Vision’s involvement in Tanzania dates back to 1970 with a pastors conference and feeding programs; an office opened in 1981. Since then, some of World Vision’s major accomplishments have included:
- Providing emergency relief projects for people affected by flooding and offering aid to victims of a cholera epidemic during the 1980s.
- Offering agricultural assistance and improving access to clean water and education during the 1990s.
- Raising HIV and AIDS awareness and improving the care and prevention of this disease since the 1990s.
Geography and people
Bordered by eight countries, Tanzania sits on the eastern coast of Africa. The country’s three islands—Mafia, Zanzibar, and Pemba—lie to the east in the Indian Ocean. Three large lakes border Tanzania, and Tanzania’s northern area contains Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest point in Africa.
The climate varies from tropical along the coast to temperate in the highlands. Natural resources include hydropower, natural gas, iron ore, tin, nickel, phosphates, coal, diamonds, gemstones, and gold.
Almost all of Tanzania’s population is of Bantu origin, representing more than 130 tribes. Swahili and English are the country’s official languages; Tanzanians often use English in commerce, administration, and higher education.
Tanzanians usually live with their extended families in huts that are clustered together. The majority of the population lives in rural areas. Many Tanzanians are small-scale farmers growing only enough food to feed their families.
After gaining independence from Britain in the 1960s, the colony of Tanganyika and the island of Zanzibar joined to become the country of Tanzania in 1964.
One-party rule began in the 1970s; democratic elections did not resume until 1995.
In 1998, the U.S. Embassy in Dar es Salaam was bombed by terrorists, killing 11 Tanzanians and injuring 85 others. Seven years later, Jakaya Kikwete was elected president of the country, enacting much-needed reform. Despite recent debate over election results, Tanzania continues to hold democratic elections.
Please pray for:
The protection and safety of children vulnerable to abuse.
Families to recover from poor harvests so they can have enough food to eat.
- Tanzania's economy is highly dependent upon agriculture, but only a little more than four percent of the land is arable. Over 35 percent of people live below the poverty line, and the World Food Programme estimates that about 40 percent live in chronic food-deficit areas.
- Most girls of primary school age do not attend school, contributing to high illiteracy rates among Tanzanian women.
- Disease and poor sanitation threaten the health of Tanzanians. Only about half of the population has access to clean water.
- More than 1.4 million Tanzanians live with HIV and AIDS, and almost 1 million children have lost one or both parents to the disease.
Through sponsorship, World Vision is partnering with families and communities to help meet immediate needs and promote lasting changes that will strengthen communities and move families toward self-reliance.
Each year sponsors receive updates about their sponsored child and their community. Sponsors also learn about the child's continuing activities and new accomplishments so when they correspond with their child, they can encourage them in their education, hobbies and endeavors.
The commitment of World Vision sponsors helps provide children with love, hope, and opportunities for a healthy, productive future. May God bless sponsors as they make a lasting difference in the life of a special child.
Thanks to the generous support of our sponsors, World Vision was able
to work alongside communities to accomplish the
following in 2012.
Food and Agriculture
- Trained farming families in improved farming methods, crop storage techniques, and animal husbandry.
- Provided livestock and seeds to families, increasing their access to nutritious food and improving household income.
HIV and AIDS
- Worked with community care coalitions to care for and support orphans and vulnerable children, and people living with HIV and AIDS.
- Provided age-appropriate HIV-prevention education for children.
Water and Sanitation
- Built rainwater harvesting tanks at schools and drilled borehole wells, increasing access to water and reducing the prevalence of waterborne illness.
- Worked with community members to build classrooms and teachers' quarters, increasing school capacity and enrollment.
- Provided vocational training for orphaned and vulnerable young people.
- Supported community business organizations with business training and helped them implement income-generating programs for community members.
- Continued to raise awareness of child rights through community meetings and children's clubs.
- Trained Sunday school teachers, equipping them to share God's Word with children.
- Distributed treated mosquito nets to orphans and vulnerable children to protect them from malaria.
- Partnered with health agencies to immunize and deworm children and provide them with vitamin A and iron supplements.