A small south-central Asian country surrounded by China and India, Nepal is among the poorest and least-developed countries in the world. A devastating earthquake in April 2015 killed thousands and caused massive damage, adding to the country’s woes.
Nepal is a disaster-prone country and has long ranked near the top of lists of places most vulnerable to earthquakes; the April 2015 quake killed thousands and caused widespread devastation from Kathmandu, the nation’s capital, to the slopes of the Himalayas.
Exposure to infectious diseases, malnutrition, poor hygiene and sanitation, and lack of a healthy environment affects the well-being of children in Nepal.
Despite an improving school attendance rate, many children of primary school age are still not enrolled; the majority of these are girls.
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On April 25, 2015, a magnitude-7.8 earthquake struck Nepal, causing thousands of deaths and triggering massive avalanches in the Himalayas. World Vision began relief efforts in the hours immediately following the disaster, targeting assistance for 100,000 people in the hardest-hit areas. According to UNICEF, 1.7 million children urgently need aid, and at least 8 million people are affected by the tragedy.
In the aftermath of the quake, World Vision set up seven Child-Friendly Spaces and temporary learning centers to provide a safe space for children to play and study while their families are in transition. Child-Friendly Spaces offer a place for children to start coming to terms with the loss they have experienced.
Additionally, 44 youth volunteers drawn from churches and other community groups participated in training to staff the Child-Friendly Spaces.
World Vision has 73 projects in Nepal managed by 205 staff. For more than a decade, we have worked with communities in Nepal, focusing on:
Nepal is a small, mountainous country in south-central Asia; its land area is roughly the size of the U.S. state of Illinois. Nepal is surrounded by India to the east, west, and south, and is bordered to the north by China. Along the boundary between Nepal and China are some of the highest peaks in the Himalayas, including Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world.
Nepal is among the poorest and least-developed countries in the world. Half of the country’s population is comprised of children under the age of 18. Poverty in Nepal often leaves children vulnerable to abuse, exploitation, and neglect.
The April 2015 earthquake in Nepal illustrates the region’s vulnerability to natural disasters. In addition to the risk of tremors, Nepal is subjected to annual floods and landslides. Slow-onset disasters related to climate change are also an increasing concern, particularly in the Western regions of the country. These risks compound Nepal’s struggles with poverty.