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Read our overview of the conflict in Syria, the refugee situation in neighboring countries, and World Vision’s response to the crisis.
More than 1.4 million Syrian children are refugees, the United Nations says. Ongoing fighting, and the country’s first polio outbreak since 1999 have complicated aid efforts and driven some families deeper into despair.
With the war now in its fourth year, here’s some background on the growing humanitarian crisis and World Vision’s response to the needs of refugee children and their families.
More than 6.5 million people are internally displaced (IDPs) within Syria, and more than 2.8 million have fled as refugees to neighboring countries.
No. An average of 100,000 Syrians register as refugees every month. Their main destinations have been Jordan, Turkey, Lebanon, Egypt, and Iraq, though conflict in Iraq now discourages that option.
Refugees need food, clothing, and basic household and hygiene items. They need reliable supplies of clean water and sanitation facilities.
Children need a safe, protective environment and a chance to play and go to school.
Adults need employment options in case of long-term displacement.
Low rainfall and drought in the region are affecting food security and access to water.
More than 1 million refugees are in Lebanon. Many have taken up residence there in communities’ abandoned buildings, sheds, spare rooms, garages, and in tent settlements on vacant land.
Conditions are often crowded and unsanitary. Even so, families struggle to pay rent for these spaces.
Almost 600,000 refugees have settled in Jordan, mostly with host families or in rented accommodations. About 85,000 live in Za’atari, a camp near the northern border with Syria and 8,400 in Azraq, a new camp that opened at the end of April.
Children are especially susceptible to malnutrition and diseases related to poor sanitation. Many suffer from diarrheal diseases and dehydration.
Because of the breakdown of the Syrian health system and lack of adequate immunization, there have been outbreaks of measles and even polio in Syria and among refugee children.
Children are more vulnerable to sexual abuse and exploitation in unfamiliar and overcrowded conditions. Without adequate income to support their families and fearful of their daughters being molested, parents – especially single mothers – may opt to arrange marriage for girls as young as 13.
Many children have lost their homes or witnessed violence and destruction. They continue to need food provisions, household supplies, education, and counseling to help them cope with their circumstances.
After three years of conflict, at least 3 million children have left education. For children in Syria, the reasons are many: schools destroyed or occupied by warring groups or displaced families, teachers absent or deceased, and insecurity.
For refugee families that don't live in camps, paying rent and other expenses can make it difficult for parents to afford books, uniforms, and tuition fees for their children. In some cases children must give up school and start work to help provide for their families.
In Lebanon, the government has opened public schools to Syrian children, but language barriers, overcrowding, and the cost of transportation keep many refugee children out of school.
World Vision provides aid within Syria and to refugees and host communities in Lebanon and Jordan.
In Syria, the organization provides food aid, health care, and water and sanitation services and infrastructure.
In Lebanon and Jordan, aid includes distributing personal and household supplies and providing clean water and sanitation.
Programs for children include remedial and supplemental education so they can return to school, as well as Child-Friendly Spaces — safe areas where children can play and recover from emotional scars.
With reporting from World Vision communications staff Brian Jonson and Patricia Mouamar in Lebanon, and Meg Sattler in Jordan.