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Located on the southeastern coast of Africa, Mozambique has over 1,400 miles of coastline. Lagoons, coral reefs, and islands run along the coast while a large, dry plateau dominates the rest of the landscape.
Floods in recent years have devastated crops and left hundreds of thousands of people hungry. With the unemployment rate at 21 percent and 70 percent of the population living below the poverty line, the country ranks 172 out of 182 nations worldwide on the United Nations Human Development Index.
HIV and AIDS pose a serious threat in Mozambique; around 1.5 million people are HIV-positive, and the prevalence rate continues to increase. UNICEF estimates that over 470,000 children have lost one or both parents to the disease.
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Thanks to the generous support of our sponsors. World Vision was able to work alongside communities to accomplish the following in 2012.
Supplied families with seeds, tools, and livestock, working to reduce malnutrition among children.
Trained farmers in improved farming methods to increase production and promote soil and water conservation.
Partnered with community care coalitions to care for and support orphans and vulnerable children, and people living with HIV and AIDS.
Helped people living with HIV and AIDS start small businesses to support their families and pay for necessities such as medical treatment.
Drilled borehole wells to provide accessible water sources and reduce the prevalence of waterborne illness.
Helped children stay in school by providing them with scholarships, school supplies, and uniforms.
Partnered with community members to construct schools and renovate classrooms, increasing school capacity and enrollment.
Worked with community business organizations to implement income-generating projects for families.
Distributed treated mosquito nets to children and pregnant women, helping control the spread of malaria.
Trained Sunday school teachers, equipping them to minister to children's spiritual needs.
Trained caregivers in nutrition and taught them how to prepare healthy meals using locally available ingredients.
Worked with local health agencies to immunize and deworm children and pregnant women, and provide them with vitamin A and iron supplements.
World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of Mozambique to improve their lives today and to help enact sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families, and communities. World Vision's child sponsorship program plays a vital role in this partnership, with donors from the United States sponsoring more than 24,800 girls and boys. In addition to sponsorship, World Vision operates other programs that benefit communities in Mozambique. Highlights include:
World Vision began work in Mozambique as a response to the 1983 civil war and drought of 1984, where food was distributed to 100,000 affected people. Since then, some of World Vision’s major accomplishments have included:
Geography and people
Located on the southeastern coast of Africa, Mozambique has over 1,400 miles of coastline. Lagoons, coral reefs, and islands run along the coast while a large, dry plateau dominates the rest of the landscape. The weather is tropical with the rainy season from October to March, and the dry season from April to September.
Natural resources include coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, and graphite.
Mozambique has a variety of ethnic groups, with the Makhuwa in the north, the Sena in the Zambezi valley, and the Tsonga in the south. The people primarily speak local dialects and use Portuguese as a second language. English is used in schools and in business.
Families tend to be large and rely on each other for help. Rural houses typically have only one room and are made from mud bricks and a thatched roof.
Mozambique gained its independence in June 1975 after 470 years as a Portuguese colony. After the death of the country’s first president in 1986, a six-year civil war started between the government and anti-establishment guerillas.
Joaquim Chissanó won the country’s first democratic election in 1994. In the late 1990s, Mozambique posted some of the world’s largest economic growth rates, but natural disasters in 2000 and 2001 slowed the growth. The country continues to focus on economic improvement and to hold democratic elections.
Flooding in 2007 from Cyclone Favio and heavy seasonal rains in early 2008 destroyed homes, livestock, and crops and left an estimated 660,000 people in need of food assistance. A severe cholera outbreak in 2009 and 2010 infected thousands of people and killed over 100. More flooding in early 2010 affected hundreds of thousands of people.