From the Field

A look at child labor inside a garment factory in Bangladesh

Bithi, 15, wanted to become a doctor. But poverty forced her family to start her in Bangladesh’s garment industry—a child labor prison she may never escape.

The needle hums, fingers fly, and piles of cloth are stitched together at record speed. “Sixty pockets an hour,” says Bithi, the 15-year-old behind the sewing machine.

Squished inside a second-story room in Dhaka, Bangladesh, flanked by 20 other women, the girl hunches over her machine, illuminated by harsh fluorescent lights. She is making pockets for blue jeans — one of thousands of child workers in Bangladesh piecing together designer clothing she’ll never be able to afford herself.

Abject poverty and a sick father forced Bithi’s family to send the two oldest daughters to the garment factories to sew designer clothes that will be sold in shops in Canada, the United States, and other affluent countries.

“The first day, I felt bad,” Bithi remembers. “I was too small. I was surrounded by other older people. That first day, I cried.”

But that was three years ago, when Bithi was 12. Now, it’s routine; no more tears. Every day, Bithi helps create a minimum of 480 pairs of pants, for about $1 in wages.

Bithi had hopes of becoming a doctor. Poverty robbed her of those dreams. (©2016 World Vision/photo by Mark Nonkes)

Child laborer to child bride

According to Bithi’s mother, Feroza, the girl’s future is an arranged marriage. Her mother already has a man in mind: Bithi’s work supervisor, a man eight years older who comes from a well-off family. He’s expressed interest, Bithi’s mother says.

Feroza is unapologetic about starting her two oldest daughters in garment factories before they were even teenagers.

“There was no food, not even rice,” she says, sitting inside the family’s one-room home, where all eight family members sleep. “I cry when I remember those days. I thought it’s better for us to die than not to have food.”

At that time, Feroza’s husband was bedridden. He couldn’t work, and the family was in crisis. For a year and a half, Feroza juggled domestic work, raised the six children, and ran a bag-making business. Still, ends wouldn’t meet. Food was begged for and borrowed from charitable family members and neighbors. There were nights when the children cried from hunger.

So she did what her parents did to her when they arrived in Dhaka decades ago: Feroza sent her oldest daughter, Doli, to work in a garment factory at 12.

“Before I started dreaming about the future, I started working,” says Doli, now 19.

And when Bithi was 12, she, too, was sent to work in a factory.

“As a mother, I feel sad,” Feroza says, “but I still have to be realistic.”

Bithi's mom stands in front of hanging laundry.
Feroza sent her two oldest daughters to work in a garment factory before either of the girls were teenagers because the family was in desperate need of money. (©2015 Mark Nonkes/World Vision)

A lost dream

Bithi used to attend a nonformal primary education school, part of the World Vision Street Children Project in Dhaka — serving child workers and other children who aren’t in school. Bithi attended the center daily on her way home from work and called it the highlight of her day, but she doesn’t attend anymore.

“There are lots of children who want to come back from child labor, but they don’t have any hope,” says World Vision child protection officer Lima Hanna Daring.”They didn’t get a primary education, they can’t get into secondary school, and their family relies on the income.”

Now, when Bithi sees other girls her age in their blue-and-white checkered school uniforms, it’s painful. “My heart breaks,” she says. She also once had a dream for the future — to be a doctor — but she’s given up on that.

“Now, I just dream of standing on my own feet.”

Under Lima’s leadership, World Vision is beginning a new three-year project in Dhaka that will provide child workers ages 6 to 14 with informal education as a pathway to returning to regular school. For children ages 15 to 18, like Bithi, the program will help them to develop new job skills so they can have a better income and working conditions.

How to help end child labor

  • Join us in praying for children vulnerable to exploitation and abuse.
  • Donate to help prevent child labor and exploitation. Your gift will help provide better economic opportunities for families so that their children can get out of work and into school. It will also help advocate for better safeguards against child labor, create children’s groups to connect children and community members who care for them, and more.

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Child-Friendly Spaces provide a safe space for children during emergencies such as conflict, natural disaster, or potentially exploitative situations.
From the Field

Child-Friendly Spaces: Safe places for children in need

Child labor and exploitation, female genital mutilation (FGM), and human trafficking are among the greatest evils in the world. Pray with us for an end to all harm against children and for World Vision’s work to protect children.
Prayers

Matthew 25: Protecting children through prayer