Located on the southeastern coast of Africa, Mozambique has over 1,400 miles of coastline. Lagoons, coral reefs, and islands run along the coast while a large, dry plateau dominates the rest of the landscape.

  • Population: 25,203,400
  • Life Expectancy: 50 years
  • Access to Safe Water: 47%
  • School Enrollment: 90%
  • Land Mass: 308,642 sq. mi.
  • Literacy Rate: 51%
  • Under Age 5 Mortality Rate: 90/1000
  • Average Annual Income (GNI): 510

Facts about Mozambique

Economic Development

Mozambique is rated the fastest growing non-oil economy in sub-Saharan Africa, with a growth averaging 7.9 percent per year, according to World Bank. Despite this, it is still one of the world’s poorest countries. As of 2011, about 54 percent of the country’s population lives below the poverty line.


The impact of HIV and AIDS, waterborne disease, and tuberculosis have caused life expectancy in Mozambique to decline to around only 50 years.


Mozambique still has only 874 doctors, placing it in the bottom five countries in the world in terms of health worker ratios. The current coverage is only three doctors and 21 nurses per 100,000 people.

Mozambique flag


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Progress in Mozambique

Thanks to the generous support of our sponsors. World Vision was able to work alongside communities to accomplish the following in 2014.

  • Teachers were trained in improved teaching methods to strengthen the quality of education, increase school attendance, and decrease drop-out rates.

  • To improve literacy rates among adults, we partnered with the Ministry of Education and local colleges to train adult educators. They in turn will train other people in their communities to staff adult learning programs.

  • Local advocacy groups and children's groups we supported led campaigns on the importance of education, especially for girls, who are often kept home to do chores or forced to marry before they are of legal age.

  • Through community nutrition programs, parents learned how to measure children's nutritional status, prepare enriched porridge, and prevent and treat diarrheal diseases.

  • Teachers, local religious leaders, and young people participated in campaigns to raise awareness of HIV and AIDS and to stop stigma and discrimination against people affected by the illness.

  • Mobile health brigades we supported reached out to people living in rural areas, providing immunizations, health education, and bed nets and medication to prevent malaria.

  • Farmers learned new farming methods to help them produce more food, grow a greater variety of nutritious vegetables, and increase their income.

  • We organized savings groups to help families save for the future and better provide for their children. Savings groups also offer small, affordable loans for farming and entrepreneurship, helping to increase household income.

  • To nurture children and their families spiritually, we held devotions in communities, trained pastors, and provided families with Bibles they requested.

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    World Vision in Mozambique Today

    World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of Mozambique to improve their lives today and to help enact sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families, and communities. World Vision’s child sponsorship program plays a vital role in this partnership, with donors from the United States sponsoring more than 23,300 girls and boys. In addition to sponsorship, World Vision operates other programs that benefit communities in Mozambique. Highlights include:

    • Providing the resources and training needed to fight malaria.
    • Working to improve food security and economic development at the household level.
    • Ensuring children receive their immunizations to reduce their vulnerability to diseases.
    • Helping children succeed in school with improved facilities and quality education.
    • Enhancing access to and use of improved water sources and sanitation facilities.

    World Vision History in Mozambique

    World Vision began work in Mozambique as a response to the 1983 civil war and drought of 1984, where food was distributed to 100,000 affected people. Since then, some of World Vision’s major accomplishments have included:

    • Distributing packets of agricultural supplies to those affected by war and drought and training farmers how to increase crop production and maintain soil fertility during the 1980s and 1990s.
    • Providing preventive healthcare, including immunizations, to vulnerable groups and improving sanitation facilities and access to clean water during the 1980s and 1990s.
    • Providing rescue operation assistance, food, and shelter to survivors of the devastating floods in 2000.
    • Improving food security and natural resource management, promoting greater government assistance to farmers, and increasing food crop production since 2000.

    Geography & People

    Geography and people

    Located on the southeastern coast of Africa, Mozambique has over 1,400 miles of coastline. Lagoons, coral reefs, and islands run along the coast while a large, dry plateau dominates the rest of the landscape. The weather is tropical with the rainy season from October to March, and the dry season from April to September.

    Natural resources include coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, and graphite.

    Mozambique has a variety of ethnic groups, with the Makhuwa in the north, the Sena in the Zambezi valley, and the Tsonga in the south. The people primarily speak local dialects and use Portuguese as a second language. English is used in schools and in business.

    Families tend to be large and rely on each other for help. Rural houses typically have only one room and are made from mud bricks and a thatched roof.


    Mozambique gained its independence in June 1975 after 470 years as a Portuguese colony. After the death of the country’s first president in 1986, a six-year civil war started between the government and anti-establishment guerrillas.

    Joaquim Chissanó won the country’s first democratic election in 1994. In the late 1990s, Mozambique posted some of the world’s largest economic growth rates, but natural disasters in 2000 and 2001 slowed the growth. The country continues to focus on economic improvement and to hold democratic elections.

    Flooding in 2007 from Cyclone Favio and heavy seasonal rains in early 2008 destroyed homes, livestock, and crops and left an estimated 660,000 people in need of food assistance. A severe cholera outbreak in 2009 and 2010 infected thousands of people and killed over 100. More flooding in early 2010 affected hundreds of thousands of people.

    Prayer Requests for Mozambique

    • Please pray for the more than 50,000 families displaced by flooding in January 2015.
    • Pray also for lasting peace and the swift resolution of conflicts between the government and former rebel leaders.