The second largest country in Central America, Honduras shares its borders with Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. Mountains, valleys, and fertile plains make up most of the terrain. The climate is tropical with cooler temperatures in the mountains.

  • Population: 7,601,000
  • Life Expectancy: 77 years
  • Access to Safe Water: 94%
  • School Enrollment: 97%
  • Land Mass: 43,278 sq. mi.
  • Literacy Rate: 84%
  • Under Age 5 Mortality Rate: 24/1000
  • Average Annual Income (GNI): 1,880

Facts about Honduras

Economic Development

Honduras is among the poorest countries in Latin America. While only 3 percent of the workforce is unemployed, almost 60 percent of Hondurans live below the poverty line.

Economic Development

The rough terrain in Honduras has limited the development of a transportation network, keeping much of the rural population isolated.

Food & Agriculture

Poverty and food scarcity are severe in rural areas.


Health is a major concern for Hondurans: nearly one in five lacks access to healthcare, one in 10 lacks access to safe water, and one in four struggles with chronic malnutrition.

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Progress in Honduras

Thanks to the generous support of our sponsors. World Vision was able to work alongside communities to accomplish the following in 2012.

  • Educated community members about child rights in order to ensure that community decisions are focused on improving children's well-being.

  • Trained youth to actively participate in decision-making processes and develop concrete proposals aimed at improving community life.

  • Improved the academic performance of children in local elementary schools by implementing a peer-to-peer tutoring program.

  • Provided vocational training to local youth, so they could start small businesses in the community and generate income for their families.

  • Improved food security for farmers by providing them with technical assistance on how to diversify their crops and increase their yields.

  • Trained health workers to go out and educate parents about preventing common diseases in children under age five.

  • Reduced childhood diseases related to unclean water by improving water systems and training families on basic hygiene and safe water practices.

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    World Vision in Honduras Today

    World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of Honduras to improve their lives today and to help enact sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families, and communities. World Vision’s child sponsorship program plays a vital role in this partnership, with donors from the United States sponsoring more than 21,200 girls and boys. In addition to sponsorship, World Vision operates other programs that benefit communities in Honduras. Highlights include:

    • Helping farmers improve agricultural techniques and diversify their products to increase their income and reduce malnutrition.
    • Raising community awareness of HIV and AIDS and helping those who live with this disease support themselves.
    • Increasing families’ access to clean water and sanitation, as well as offering training in sanitation and hygiene basics.

    World Vision History in Honduras

    World Vision began ministering to the people of Honduras in 1974 by providing financial support to help those affected by Hurricane Fifi, a storm that killed 1,200 people and left thousands homeless. Since then, some of World Vision’s major accomplishments have included:

    • Assisting refugees from neighboring Nicaragua with food, tents, and emergency kits in the late 1970s.
    • Helping people affected by drought and floods throughout the 1980s.
    • Providing medical and dental care, nutritional supplements, and school supplies for children in need in the 1980s.
    • Supplying families affected by Hurricane Mitch with food, blankets, and medicine, as well as helping them rebuild their communities, since 1998.
    • Offering microloans to small business entrepreneurs to improve the quality of life in southwest Honduras since the 1990s and into the 21st century.

    Geography & People

    Geography and people

    The second largest country in Central America, Honduras shares its borders with Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. Mountains, valleys, and fertile plains make up most of the terrain. The climate is tropical with cooler temperatures in the mountains.

    Natural resources are plentiful and include timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, coal, fish, and hydropower.

    Most Hondurans are mestizo—a mix of Amerindian and European ancestry. Spanish is the official language, but residents also speak English and several Amerindian dialects.

    Hondurans use both of their parents’ surnames. They use the father’s name as the family name, but the mother’s last name comes at the end of the full name. Women keep their surnames when they marry.


    Honduras, along with four other Central American nations, declared independence from Spain in 1821 to form a federation of Central American states. Over a decade later, Honduras left the federation and became fully independent.

    After decades of military rule, democracy returned in 1982. The 1990s brought economic reform when the government administration helped to reduce inflation, restore economic growth, and hold down spending.

    Reform, however, slowed in 1998 with the arrival of Hurricane Mitch. The hurricane killed over 7,000 Hondurans, injured another 13,000, and caused $3.8 billion in damage. Nearly one-third of the highway infrastructure was destroyed along with thousands of homes, displacing 1.5 million people.

    The Honduran government collaborated with international relief organizations to help get the country back on its feet. The government has continued to focus on reform over the years. Democratic elections resumed in 2010 after a 2009 military coup.

    Prayer Requests for Honduras

    • For the rights of children to be respected.
    • For leaders, that God will give them wisdom to continue making the best decisions.
    • The protection of families from violence.
    • All children to have enough food to eat.