Chad

Chad lies in north-central Africa, bordered by six countries. The country has three primary regions: arid desert in the north, semi-arid plains in the center, and tropical marshland and grasses in the south.

  • Population: 12,448,200
  • Life Expectancy: 51 years
  • Access to Safe Water: 50%
  • School Enrollment: 36%
  • Land Mass: 495,755 sq. mi.
  • Literacy Rate: 35%
  • Under Age 5 Mortality Rate: 150/1000
  • Average Annual Income (GNI): 740

Facts about Chad

Child Protection

According to the 2011 U.N. Human Development Index, Chad is the fifth-least developed country in the world and has the fourth-highest child mortality rate in the world.

Health

According to World Bank, Chad has the highest maternal mortality rate in the world.

Food & Agriculture

Recent droughts in this part of Africa have caused crop production to decrease; therefore, food insecurity has become a key issue in Chad.

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Countries

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Progress in Chad

Thanks to the generous support of our sponsors. World Vision was able to work alongside communities to accomplish the following in 2014.

  • To nurture children's spiritual growth, we trained Sunday school teachers in children's ministry and partnered with local churches to offer Bible studies and Good News Clubs where kids can learn about God's Word.

  • To help protect children from disease and malnutrition, we trained volunteers, mothers, and healthcare workers in nutrition, prenatal care, and the importance of immunization. Parents were encouraged to take their children to health centers so they can be properly treated for illnesses and monitored for malnutrition.

  • We carried out awareness campaigns on malaria prevention and distributed insecticidal bed nets to help protect pregnant women and children from mosquitoes that spread malaria.

  • We worked with parents and teachers to strengthen children's reading skills, raised awareness of the importance of education, and supported parents in their efforts to advocate for better quality education. We also trained teachers in improved teaching methods and equipped schools with textbooks, desks, and teaching materials to create a better learning environment for children.

  • Vulnerable youth received vocational training to help them integrate into the job market and earn a living.

  • Through child rights campaigns, community members learned about child protection issues and children's right to safety, as well as the harmful effects of traditional practices such as early marriage.

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    World Vision in Chad Today

    World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of Chad to improve their lives today and to help enact sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families, and communities. World Vision’s child sponsorship program plays a vital role in this partnership, with donors from the United States sponsoring more than 3,900 children in Chad. In addition to sponsorship, World Vision operates other programs that benefit communities in Chad. These efforts include:

    • Fighting malnutrition by promoting good diet and teaching community members how to combat high levels of child malnourishment.
    • Providing medical equipment and material in response to disease outbreaks.
    • Providing and promoting use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets to combat malaria.

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    World Vision History in Chad

    World Vision began working in Chad in 1982 with an anti-famine project. Since then, some of World Vision’s major accomplishments have included:

    • Providing food and medical supplies to people affected by a severe drought in the early 1980s.
    • Reducing high child and mother mortality rates during the 1990s by providing women with training to better equip them to care for their families.
    • Improving water and sanitation, offering health and nutrition education, and providing food for refugees and internally displaced people since 2000.

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    Geography & People

    Geography and people

    Chad lies in north-central Africa, bordered by six countries. The country has three primary regions: arid desert in the north, semi-arid plains in the center, and tropical marshland and grasses in the south. The north sees little to no precipitation, while the south has a rainy season from May to October.

    Agriculture earns about 40 percent of the country’s income, and agricultural products include cotton, cereal grains, peanuts, rice, and potatoes, along with cattle and other animals. About 80 percent of Chadians depend on farming and herding for their livelihood.

    Chad has a variety of natural resources, including petroleum, uranium, sodium carbonate, white clay, gold, limestone, fish, and salt.

    The Sara, the country’s largest ethnic group, live primarily in the southern region of Chad. The Arabs, the second largest group, live in the north. French and Arabic are the nation’s official business languages, but Chadians speak more than 120 other languages and dialects.

    Families are very important in Chadian society. Extended families live together in compounds, sharing resources and responsibilities.

    History

    After a nationalism movement in the 1950s, Chad gained full independence from France in August 1960. Since then, Chad has faced years of civil and outside conflict, with four invasions by Libya in the 1980s and multiple insurgencies since 1990.

    In October 2003, Chad began exporting oil after the opening of a pipeline connecting its oil fields with those in Cameroon. Unfortunately, this increase in industrial production has led to the pollution of soil and water in rural areas.

    The World Food Program estimates that about 255,000 Sudanese refugees and 77,000 from the Central African Republic have settled in Chad over the past few years. Civil conflict has displaced at least 188,000 Chadians. The arrival of refugees, combined with 30 years of political instability, has hindered Chad’s social and economic development.

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    Prayer Requests for Chad

    • Please pray for consistent harvests and stable food markets so children won’t go hungry.
    • Pray also for girls who are at risk of being forced into marriage and out of school. Chad has the third-highest rate of child marriage in the world — 68 percent of girls are married before age 18.