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The most populated country in Central America, Guatemala is located south of Mexico and borders Honduras, El Salvador, and Belize. Mountains, active volcanoes, and coastal plains fill the landscape.
In Guatemala, 51 percent of the population lives below the poverty line, and 15 percent live in extreme poverty. The country also has a high level of income inequality.
Children and adolescents remain vulnerable to high incidences of violent crimes. Drug trafficking is prominent in Guatemala, which generates an unstable atmosphere.
According to the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, Guatemala has the sixth-highest rate of chronic malnutrition in the world.
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Thanks to the generous support of our sponsors. World Vision was able to work alongside communities to accomplish the following in 2012.
Developed disaster preparedness plans for schools, and worked with teachers to create emergency drills for students.
Increased family farm income by providing seeds, organic fertilizer, and technical assistance to ensure higher crop production.
Helped students gain critical skills for starting primary school by training mothers on how to provide them with early childhood education activities.
Increased food supplies for families by teaching them how to diversify crops, properly store grains for long-term use, and breed chickens.
Reduced the incidence of preventable diseases among children by providing them with vitamin supplements, immunizations, and hygiene education.
Improved the health of pregnant women by providing them with prenatal visits, vitamin supplements, tetanus shots, and HIV testing.
World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of Guatemala to improve their lives today and to help enact sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families, and communities. World Vision’s child sponsorship program plays a vital role in this partnership, with donors from the United States sponsoring more than 23,500 girls and boys. In addition to sponsorship, World Vision operates other programs that benefit communities in Guatemala. Highlights include:
World Vision assistance to Guatemala dates back to 1962. Sponsorship began in 1974. Since then, some of World Vision’s major accomplishments include:
Geography and people
The most populated country in Central America, Guatemala is located south of Mexico and borders Honduras, El Salvador, and Belize. Mountains, active volcanoes, and coastal plains fill the landscape. Guatemala is highly susceptible to hurricanes and subsequent flooding and mudslides.
Natural resources include petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, and hydropower.
Over half of Guatemala’s population is either mestizo — a mixture of Amerindian and Spanish descent — or of European heritage. Indigenous Amerindians make up the rest of the population. Spanish is the official language, but Amerindians speak 23 native dialects.
Guatemala declared independence in September 1821 after nearly 300 years of Spanish rule. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the country experienced relative stability under a series of dictators. In 1944, a group known as the October Revolutionaries instituted several reforms popular with rural indigenous peoples. A military coup in 1954 disrupted the reforms. By 1960, a group of rebels revolted, beginning a 36-year war — the longest civil war in Latin American history.
The government signed a peace agreement in 1996, formally ending the conflict that had left more than 100,000 people dead, and nearly 1 million people displaced.
In recent years, the elected administration has focused efforts on government and social reforms.