Uganda is a small, landlocked country located on the equator in East Africa. Its beautiful and diverse landscapes make Uganda known as the Pearl of Africa.

  • Population: 33,425,000
  • Life Expectancy: 54 years
  • Access to Safe Water: 67%
  • School Enrollment: 92%
  • Land Mass: 93,065 sq. mi.
  • Literacy Rate: 73%
  • Under Age 5 Mortality Rate: 99/1000
  • Average Annual Income (GNI): 490

Facts about Uganda

Child Protection

Although the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and Ugandan government reached a ceasefire in 2006, violence has left a mark on Uganda’s northern districts. More than 30,000 children were abducted by the LRA to train as soldiers, and about 1.8 million people fled their homes to escape the violence.

Food & Agriculture

High unemployment rates and food insecurity face most Ugandans, especially in rural areas. About 35 percent of the population lives below the poverty line. Many communities face chronic hunger, and the World Food Program estimates that over 30 percent of children are stunted from malnutrition.


Health concerns also threaten Ugandans. Malaria, respiratory infections, and diarrhea are primary causes of death among children. More than 940,000 people are living with HIV and AIDS, and more than 1.2 million children have lost one or both parents to this disease.

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Progress in Uganda

Thanks to the generous support of our sponsors. World Vision was able to work alongside communities to accomplish the following in 2012.

  • Constructed health centers, staff apartments near health centers, and enhanced infrastructure to improve access to community healthcare services.

  • Partnered with local organizations and health institutions to combat the spread of HIV and AIDS by providing training on prevention to community members, teaching young people value-based life skills, and conducting outreach campaigns to promote voluntary counseling and testing services.

  • Trained health workers and volunteers on how to advocate on behalf of those living with HIV and AIDS, allowing them to receive improved health services.

  • Equipped community-based counselors to provide care to people living with HIV and AIDS, as well as their children.

  • Trained village health teams and parents on ways to prevent and treat malaria, proper prenatal care, and ways to improve hygiene in the home, helping more children live in a healthy environment.

  • Coordinated with health centers to conduct child growth monitoring, rehabilitate malnourished children, and help parents learn how to improve nutrition in their homes.

  • Built classrooms, furnished them with desks, and constructed teachers' housing, improving the quality of education for children.

  • Worked with school management committees and parent-teacher associations to monitor school performance in accordance with government standards, advocate for and implement school feeding programs, and promote children's rights and education in their communities.

  • Trained teachers on child-friendly teaching methods and ways to teach students with special needs, improving the learning environment for kids.

  • Conducted awareness campaigns on the importance of education for children, including those with disabilities, and provided wheelchairs to children with special needs, helping more boys and girls go to school.

  • Promoted literacy among children by holding reading and writing competitions in local schools, helping schools create literacy programs, and training teachers on improved techniques geared towards helping kids learn to read and write.

  • Provided farmers with seeds and trained them on improved agricultural techniques and animal husbandry skills to boost crop yields and cope with drought.

  • Educated mothers on how to set up kitchen gardens to provide nutrient-rich food for children, helping to prevent malnutrition.

  • Equipped farmers with skills to increase their income through access to financial services and post-harvest management of crops.

  • Trained vulnerable people with job skills and provided them with access to micro-loans so they could start small businesses.

  • Provided training to local water management committees on the care and management of community water sources, helping ensure clean water is available to families.

  • Helped construct latrines and handwashing stations in schools, and promoted proper hygiene practices through school clubs, helping prevent the spread of disease.

  • Advocated for children's rights through community meetings, radio talk shows, and trainings for moms and dads on positive parenting skills.

  • Established child protection committees to ensure child protection systems are in place and cases of child abuse are responded to appropriately, helping more girls and boys live in a safe environment.

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    World Vision in Uganda Today

    World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of Uganda to improve their lives today and to help enact sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families, and communities. World Vision’s child sponsorship program plays a vital role in this partnership, with donors from the United States sponsoring more than 35,600 girls and boys. In addition to sponsorship, World Vision operates other programs that benefit communities in Uganda. Highlights include:

    • Expanding access to healthcare and reducing the spread of HIV and AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis.
    • Improving the quality and access to primary school education.
    • Increasing food and income security with agriculture and job training programs.

    World Vision History in Uganda

    World Vision assistance to Uganda dates back to 1972, which included assistance to Christians who fled persecution under Dictator Idi Amin.  World Vision helped Ugandans rebuild their country after Amin was deposed, and in 1985 opened an office there. Since Amin’s overthrow in 1979, some of World Vision’s major accomplishments have included:

    • Training farmers, developing clean water facilities, increasing public health and hygiene awareness, and improving nutrition and food production during the 1980s.
    • Providing former child soldiers with counseling and helping them reunite with their families through the 1990s and into the beginning of the 21st century.
    • Offering education and vocational skills training to children who have lost one or both parents to HIV and AIDS since the 1990s.

    Geography & People

    Geography and people

    Uganda is a small, landlocked country located on the equator in East Africa. Its beautiful and diverse landscapes make Uganda known as the Pearl of Africa.

    Flat highlands run throughout most of the country and a lush river valley sits in the northeast. Uganda contains four large lakes, including Lake Victoria, which is the world’s fourth largest lake.

    About 80 percent of Ugandans work in agriculture, growing crops such as cotton, corn, tea, and coffee. Natural resources include copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, and salt.

    More than 50 ethnic groups live in Uganda. More than 1 million refugees also live in the country, most from Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Ugandans use English, the official language, in schools, government, and media. They also speak Swahili, Luganda, and other languages.


    Uganda gained independence from the United Kingdom in October 1962. Nine years later, a young army officer named Idi Amin seized government control. In his eight year dictatorship, Amin killed some 300,000 people before being forced into exile in 1979. Wars against the government further damaged economic and social conditions over the next seven years.

    The National Resistance Army, a guerilla force, won the 1981-1986 war and made Yoweri Museveni president. Musevini has been credited for bringing economic stability after the tumultuous past.

    In 2006, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA)—a rebel group with a 20-year history of violence in northern Uganda—reached a ceasefire with Ugandan government, allowing internally displaced people to return to their homes. However, the LRA leadership abandoned the final peace agreement and resumed hostilities, relocating their bases to eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

    Prayer Requests for Uganda

    • Strengthened community child protection networks to keep kids safe from things like early marriage.
    • More girls and boys to have the opportunity to attend school.
    • The protection and care of vulnerable children, so they can enjoy life in all its fullness.
    • Economic stability so families can earn enough to buy food and build better futures.