Ghana stretches more than 330 miles along West Africa’s southern coast. Lowlands run through the south-central area, while a tropical forest area extends along its western border. Lake Volta, the world’s largest manmade lake, covers nearly 3,300 square miles in the east.

  • Population: 25,366,500
  • Life Expectancy: 61 years
  • Access to Safe Water: 86%
  • School Enrollment: 84%
  • Land Mass: 92,098 sq. mi.
  • Literacy Rate: 72%
  • Under Age 5 Mortality Rate: 72/1000
  • Average Annual Income (GNI): 1,550

Facts about Ghana

Child Protection

About 14 percent of Ghana’s population is comprised of children younger than 5 years old. Around 70 percent of these children live in poor rural communities. There are also approximately 1.1 million orphans in the country.

Economic Development

Ghana's levels of poverty are very high, with 30 percent living on less than $1 a day and 54 percent living on less than $2 a day.


Many health professionals have left Ghana for better paying jobs in other countries because of low funding, weakening the quality of healthcare.

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Progress in Ghana

Thanks to the generous support of our sponsors. World Vision was able to work alongside communities to accomplish the following in 2014.

  • We educated communities on child rights and child protection issues and helped ensure that adults and youth know how to respond to cases of child abuse and neglect.

  • Community members gained access to basic financial services such as small business loans through our village savings groups, helping them increase their income and better provide for their children.

  • To boost children's literacy, we worked with local schools to distribute reading materials and offered reading camps for kids.

  • Teachers were trained in improved teaching methods and community groups learned how to monitor and assist schools to strengthen the quality of education. We also equipped schools with teaching materials and furniture to improve the learning environment.

  • Vulnerable children benefited from public health campaigns including deworming, Vitamin A supplementation, malaria prevention, and immunization through our partnership with Ghana Health Services.

  • Mothers learned how to combat malnutrition through our nutrition classes, hands-on cooking demonstrations, and mothers support groups.

  • Together with peer educators, we helped raise awareness of HIV prevention to reduce the impact of HIV and AIDS and to decrease stigma and discrimination against people impacted by the virus.

  • We helped nurture children's spiritual growth by training local leaders to facilitate Bible clubs and Good News clubs, and by supporting children to attend spiritual vacation camps.

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    World Vision in Ghana Today

    World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of Ghana to transform their lives today and to help enact sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families, and communities. World Vision’s child sponsorship program plays a vital role in this partnership, with donors from the United States sponsoring more than 18,600 girls and boys. In addition to sponsorship, World Vision operates other programs that benefit communities in Ghana. Highlights include:

    • Improving access to clean, safe water to prevent the spread of diseases for Ghanaians in rural areas.
    • Improving nutritional status of children under 5.
    • Increasing capacity of communities to participate in education delivery to ensure that children will have the chance to go to school.

    World Vision History in Ghana

    World Vision began ministering to the people of Ghana in 1975 through a pastors conference in Accra and by funding a home for orphaned infants. World Vision opened its Ghana office in 1979, but provided assistance dating back to a 1958 pastors conference. By 1978, World Vision was sponsoring 20 children and had initiated six relief and development projects. Since then, some of World Vision’s major accomplishments have included:

    • Providing food for famine victims and drilling wells during the 1980s.
    • Training women in vocations such as nutrition and food preservation and basic education to help them become more self-reliant during the 1990s.
    • Implementing HIV and AIDS prevention and education activities since 2004.

    Geography & People

    Geography and people

    Ghana stretches more than 330 miles along West Africa’s southern coast. Lowlands run through the south-central area, while a tropical forest area extends along its western border. Lake Volta, the world’s largest manmade lake, covers nearly 3,300 square miles in the east.

    Ghana’s climate is tropical, with warm, humid weather in the south and hot, dry conditions in the north. Natural resources include gold, timber, diamonds, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, and limestone.

    Over 75 ethnic groups make up Ghana’s population. The largest groups are the Akan, Mole-Dagbon, Ewe, and Ga-Dangme. While Ghanaians use the official language of English in schools and business, they speak more than 250 dialects throughout the country.

    Rural Ghanaians usually live with their extended families in a cluster of houses that symbolizes the closeness they feel to each other. They value children, since a large family means more hands to help on the farm and helps to ensure care for the parents in old age.


    Ghana became the first country in colonial Africa to gain independence from Great Britain in 1957. After a long succession of coups, Jerry Rawlings, a member of the Ghanaian military, overthrew the government in 1981. He led the country as president for 19 years.

    Ghanaians elected John Kufuor as president in 2000. Democratic elections continue to this day.

    In September 2007, massive floods ravaged the country, killing 56 and affecting more than 300,000 people. After several years with few internal conflicts and a low violent crime level, Ghana was named the most peaceful country in Africa in 2008 by the Global Peace Index.

    Prayer Requests for Ghana

    • Please pray for the success of our Child Health Now campaign — that it would reduce preventable illness and death among young children.
    • Pray also for continued peace and tolerance between people of different faiths and ethnic backgrounds.