Uganda is a small, landlocked country located on the equator in East Africa. Its beautiful and diverse landscapes make Uganda known as the Pearl of Africa.

  • Population: 36,345,900
  • Life Expectancy: 59 years
  • Access to Safe Water: 75%
  • School Enrollment: 94%
  • Land Mass: 93,065 sq. mi.
  • Literacy Rate: 73%
  • Under Age 5 Mortality Rate: 69/1000
  • Average Annual Income (GNI): 440

Facts about Uganda

Child Protection

More than half of the population of Uganda is under the age of 15; and 96 percent of children in Uganda are vulnerable to abuse in their own households, schools, and communities.


More than 15 percent of school-aged children do not attend; those who do desperately need more classrooms and teachers.

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Progress in Uganda

Thanks to the generous support of our sponsors. World Vision was able to work alongside communities to accomplish the following in 2014.

  • To reduce the rate of preventable diseases for children under age 5, we partnered with health centers on immunization campaigns.

  • We trained community leaders, teachers, and adolescent peer educators on HIV and AIDS prevention and equipped them to educate others in the communities.

  • We reduced malnutrition in children under age 5 by training village health teams to monitor children's growth, identify and help rehabilitate malnourished children, and refer more severe cases to health centers for treatment.

  • We trained and equipped mobile health teams to deliver key health information about hygiene, nutrition, malaria prevention, and prenatal care.

  • Campaigns were held for parents and caregivers to raise awareness about the importance of education and increase the number of children enrolled in school.

  • We improved school learning environments by building more classrooms and teachers' housing, providing textbooks and learning materials for teachers and students, and training administrators on school management.

  • Children are now getting lunch at school so they have enough energy to stay all day and continue their education.

  • Teachers and caregivers were advised about how to best support and educate children with disabilities so they have more possibilities in the future.

  • As part of an awareness campaign about child protection, we educated children about their rights and trained leaders to advocate for children throughout the community.

  • To promote community resilience, we trained emergency committees on adapting to climate change and responding to natural disasters.

  • Community savings groups provided interest-earning savings accounts and small loans to farmers and other members, empowering them to plan for the future and meet their children's basic needs.

  • To improve productivity and increase food supplies for families, World Vision supplied farmers with heartier seeds, new livestock, and farming equipment, as well as training on more effective farming practices.

  • Pastors and Sunday school teachers completed courses on the spiritual nurture of children in order to provide effective Christian education for local kids.

  • Children and youth attended Christian camps and spiritual nurture clubs at school where they learned about Jesus' love with their friends in age-appropriate ways.

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    World Vision in Uganda Today

    World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of Uganda to improve their lives today and to help enact sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families, and communities. World Vision’s child sponsorship program plays a vital role in this partnership, with donors from the United States sponsoring more than 35,800 girls and boys. In addition to sponsorship, World Vision operates other programs that benefit communities in Uganda. Highlights include:

    • Increasing the percentage of pregnant women who test for HIV, reducing the probability that they’ll pass it on to their children.
    • Constructing 127 water sources and benefitting a total of 62,929 households.

    World Vision History in Uganda

    World Vision assistance to Uganda dates back to 1972, which included assistance to Christians who fled persecution under dictator Idi Amin. World Vision helped Ugandans rebuild their country after Amin was deposed, and in 1985, opened an office there. Since Amin’s overthrow in 1979, some of World Vision’s major accomplishments have included:

    • Training farmers, developing clean water facilities, increasing public health and hygiene awareness, and improving nutrition and food production during the 1980s.
    • Providing former child soldiers with counseling and helping them reunite with their families through the 1990s and into the beginning of the 21st century.
    • Offering education and vocational skills training to children who have lost one or both parents to HIV and AIDS since the 1990s.

    Geography & People

    Geography and people

    Uganda is a small, landlocked country located on the equator in East Africa. Its beautiful and diverse landscapes make Uganda known as the Pearl of Africa.

    Flat highlands run throughout most of the country, and a lush river valley sits in the northeast. Uganda contains four large lakes, including Lake Victoria, which is the world’s fourth-largest lake.

    About 80 percent of Ugandans work in agriculture, growing crops such as cotton, corn, tea, and coffee. Natural resources include copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, and salt.

    More than 50 ethnic groups live in Uganda. More than 1 million refugees also live in the country, most from Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Ugandans use English, the official language, in schools, government, and media. They also speak Swahili, Luganda, and other languages.


    Uganda gained independence from the United Kingdom in October 1962. Nine years later, a young army officer named Idi Amin seized government control. During his eight-year dictatorship, Amin killed some 300,000 people before being forced into exile in 1979. Wars against the government further damaged economic and social conditions over the next seven years.

    The National Resistance Army, a guerrilla force, won the 1981-1986 war and made Yoweri Museveni president. Musevini has been credited for bringing economic stability after the tumultuous past.

    In 2006, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) — a rebel group with a 20-year history of violence in northern Uganda — reached a ceasefire with Ugandan government, allowing internally displaced people to return to their homes. However, the LRA leadership abandoned the final peace agreement and resumed hostilities, relocating their bases to the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

    Prayer Requests for Uganda

    • Please pray for health campaigns we are holding in Uganda to educate children and adults about proper sanitation, personal hygiene, and nutrition.
    • Pray also for peace in South Sudan so refugees can return safely home.