Mongolia, a large, landlocked country with one of the lowest population densities in the world, sits in central Asia between Russia to the north and China to the south. Grassland and semi-desert cover most of the terrain. The Gobi Desert, contrary to its name, is not exclusively desert: It includes some forests, oases, and mountains.
Approximately 30-35 percent of people in Mongolia live in poverty. Despite Mongolia’s economic growth rate, jobs have not been created for the poor, and government spending on welfare, social assistance, and infrastructure has not targeted the marginalized areas of the country.
The main causes of death among children in Mongolia are premature births, pneumonia, congenital abnormalities, and injuries.
Undernourishment also remains a high risk factor for children.
Explore areas where you can help us build a better world for children.
World Vision is committed to partnering with the people of Mongolia to improve their lives today and to help enact sustainable solutions for the future of their children, families, and communities. Highlights of World Vision’s programs include:
World Vision began working in Mongolia in July 1991, providing much-needed medical supplies to help clinics and hospitals that were facing a shortage. The supplies helped prevent the fast spread of disease among the people.
Since then, some major accomplishments include:
Geography and people
Mongolia, a large, landlocked country with one of the lowest population densities in the world, sits in central Asia between Russia to the north and China to the south. Grassland and semi-desert cover most of the terrain. The Gobi Desert, contrary to its name, is not exclusively desert: It includes some forests, oases, and mountains. In the north lies Lake Khövsgöl, Mongolia’s largest freshwater lake.
The continental climate brings wide temperature and weather changes throughout the seasons. Summers are usually warm and mild, and winters are often long and cold. With an average of over 200 cloudless days per year, Mongolia has earned the name Land of Blue Sky.
Natural resources include oil, coal, copper, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, gold, silver, and iron.
Most Mongolians are of ethnic Mongol groups, with the Khalkha being the largest group. About 90 percent of Mongolians speak the Khalkha Mongol dialect; the rest of the population uses Turkic or Russian.
During the 13th century, leader Genghis Khan established a huge Mongolian empire. After his death, the empire dwindled and eventually fell under the control of China.
Centuries later, Mongolia gained independence in 1921. A Communist government established power in Mongolia in 1924. After a peaceful democratic revolution, the first free elections took place in July 1990. Free elections continue today.