Kenyan parents afraid to send children to school due to attacks

As children head back to class, many Kenyan parents in the country’s North Rift Valley are hesitant to send their children to school due to violent attacks on schools.

Photo by Abby Metty, World Vision U.S.
Published August 31, 2011 at 12:00am PDT

Ongoing community conflict is causing serious safety issues for students and threatening their health, as schools are often the only place to count on a nutritious meal during the current drought crisis.

Drought ignites conflict

Cyclical drought is a major cause of this conflict, as communities clash over increasingly scarce pastureland and water sources. Cattle raids are rampant, and when livestock is stolen, there is no longer milk to feed children.

Families caught in the crossfire often flee to safer areas. This displacement can lead to a lack of educational opportunities for children, and consequently malnutrition, when they miss out on school feeding programs.

Schools threatened

“Strengthened efforts are needed to ensure schools are safe places,” says Rose Tum, World Vision’s peacebuilding coordinator in the North Rift region. “Some teachers have resorted to carrying firearms into classrooms for protection. Several schools have even dug defensive trenches so they can protect children from attacks.”

World Vision recently surveyed parents in the North Rift communities where food shortages are a severe problem. Sixty-five percent of parents said they send their children to school to ensure they receive food, but many also expressed fear that their children may become targets.

Conflict, education, and child well-being connected

There are complex connections between conflict, education, and the well-being of children in Kenya. Fear of violence is just one factor that impacts school attendance, but grinding poverty also plays a major role. Girls are often married at a young age, and their education is then abandoned.

“Poorer families often can’t afford to send their children to school due to the cost of uniforms or tuition fees, and so those who need a meal the most may not get one,” says Tum.

During a crisis like the ongoing drought in the Horn of Africa, education is critical to long-term, sustainable development work in places like Kenya, where World Vision is supporting communities through the construction of classrooms, professional development for teachers, and awareness programs to promote education and peacebuilding.

World Vision’s response

World Vision started working in Kenya in 1974, and is currently responding to the drought emergency throughout the Horn of Africa with food aid, specialized health and nutrition programs, shelter, clean water, and sanitation services. The emergency response is operating in tandem with long-term development activities that include agricultural support for small farmers and veterinary care for livestock.

Three ways you can help

Pray for children and families in Kenya’s North Rift Valley who are vulnerable to both violent conflict and hunger. Pray that children would be able to go to school safely and would receive the nourishment they need to thrive.

Make a one-time gift to our Horn of Africa Food Crisis Fund. Your donation will multiply five times to help provide emergency food, healthcare, and other critical assistance to this suffering part of the world.

Speak out. Urge our legislators to prioritize the needs of those suffering from hunger.